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Thursday, 20 February 2020

National Tilhan Mission 2020 to Boost Oilseed Production by Central Government of India

Central government is going to launch National Tilhan Mission in the country. This initiative is to boost oilseeds production and country self reliant in oilseed production. This Tilhan Mission by Union govt. of India will boost Indian economy as it will reduce imports and raise exports. Thus the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of the nation will improve.
The main objective of National Tilhan Mission is to encourage local farmers to produce oilseeds and thereby reducing import of edible oils. Agriculture Minister, Narendra Singh Tomar, has made this announcement of starting Tilhan Mission on the occasion of Soil Health Card Day.
  

PM Narendra Modi led central govt. is working hard to enhance oilseed production in the country.

National Tilhan Mission 2020 by Central Govt.

Just like India is self reliant in foodgrains production because of farmers hard-work, govt. wants to raise oilseed production too. For this purpose, central govt. has launched National Tilhan Mission 2020. India is a major oilseeds grower and importer of edible oil. The vegetable oil economy of India is world's 4 largest after USA, China & Brazil.
Oilseeds accounts for 13% of gross cropped area, 3% of gross national product, 10% value of all agricultural commodities. From 1999 to 2009, annual growth rate of oilseeds area, production and yield were 2.44%, 5.47% and 2.96% respectively. India has diverse agro-ecological conditions which are favourable for 9 annual oilseed crops.

These include 7 edible oilseeds such as groundnut, rapeseed & mustard, soyabean. sunflower, sesame, safflower and niger. Moreover, there are 2 non-edible oilseeds like castor and linseed. In the past few yeas, domestic consumption of edible oils is raised to 20.4 million tonnes in 2017.

A large portion of edible oils is met from import of palm oil from Indonesia and Malaysia. So there is need to exploit domestic resources to maximize production of edible oil in India. Palm Oil is new crop with highest vegetable oil yielding capacity. So, govt. will now launch National Tilhan Mission to boost Oilseeds production in the country.

Various Tree Borne Oilseeds (TBOs) such as sal, mahua, simarouba, kokum, olive, karanja, jatropha, neem, jojoba, cheura are also cultivated in India. These are grown in different agro climatic conditions in scattered form in forest / non-forest areas / waste land / deserts / hilly areas. These TBOs are even good source of vegetable oil and govt. wants to support their cultivation under National Tilhan Mission.

Soil Health Card Scheme of Indian Govt.

After the launch of Soil Health Card Scheme in 2015, soil fertility is increased which leads to more crop production. Agriculture is the most important pillar of Indian economy and its contribution is 14% in the total GDP. The central govt. has also announced 2 major decisions in interest of farmers.

Central govt. will create 10,000 Farmers Producer Organisation (FPO) in India with an outlay of over Rs. 6,000 crore. Moreover, Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana will not be mandatory for farmers and it will be voluntary (optional) for farmers.

Soil Health Card Scheme plays an important role in Doubling Farmers Income by 2022. In the past 5 years, crop production is continuously on a rise due to proper distribution of Soil Health Cards to farmers. Farmers are also following instruction given to raise their production.

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